TACHI Kaoru is Professor and Director of the Institute for Gender Studies, Ochanomizu University. She received her M.A. in Education and history at the Graduate School of Humanities & Sciences, Ochanomizu University. She majored in Gender Studies, Women’s Studies. Presently, she is co-directing (with ITO Ruri) the “Modern Girl and Colonial Modernity in East Asia” research project. Her current interests are the historical analyses of the formation of gender, sex, and sexuality concepts in Modern Japan and East Asia. For the moga project, she focuses on the relationships between colonial modernity and “women” through a polymorphic analysis of gender norm in smoking. Her main publications include: (1) Ajia Taiheiyo Chiiki no Josei Seisaku to Joseigaku [Women and Gender in Asia-Pacific: Policy Development and Women’s Studies in Eight Countries] (1996); 2) “Jenda Gainen no Kento [Rethinking the Concept of Gender]”, in Journal of Gender Studies, No.1 , (1998); 3) Josei to Tabako no Bunkashi – Kitsuen to Jenda Kihan [Cultural-graphy on Women and Tobacco: Smoking and Gender Norm], Tokyo, (2004) (to be published).